Wood is an extremely versatile and renewable raw material for the processing and energy-producing industries. The proportion of wood waste of categories A 1 to A 3 (without preservatives and freed of contaminants) for the manufacture of panels, doors, floors and furniture continues to grow. Naturally, wood waste is more economical than fresh wood or other polymer-based materials. The objective of the processing industry is thereby to obtain a high-quality raw material for their production at an attractive price.
In the manufacture of wood chips for the processing industry or as a biomass raw material it is almost unavoidable that contaminants will be present in the material. This can lead to damage of machinery or the failure of the material to meet the specifications, so that finished parts run the risk of damage.
Ferromagnetic iron parts (fittings, nails etc.) in the coarse fraction of fresh wood and wood waste are therefore typically separated by our STEINERToverhead suspension magnetunits in an excavating manner of operation – using either electromagnets (UME) or permanent magnets (UMP). The screen cuts <80 mm separate Fe metals using anelectromagnetic drum(MTE) or permanent magnetic drum (MTP), and then on to a permanentmagnetic head pulley(BRP) in barium ferrite and/or neodymium quality.
Non-ferrous metals in the material stream, e.g. brass, copper or aluminium, can be sorted from the material stream with the STEINERTEddyC®by means of eddy-current pulses. The trusted, eccentrically adjusted pole drum ensures the highest possible efficiency even for fine and low-mass non-Fe metals.
Abrasive, wear-inducing contaminants in stainless steel can be detected and sorted away using the metal sensor of the STEINERT ISS®, or as asensor combination(STEINERT KSS) in other sorting machines – even in material layers of up to 70 mm thickness.
With growing use of wood waste in the furniture-making industry, the detection and separation of plastics and commingled waste materials such as wood-plastic composites is of particular importance. For small and medium throughputs of 5 – 20 t/h it is still possible to convey the material in a monolayer for contaminants such as plastic (PE, PP, coatings and commingled waste) to be separated usingNIR technology(UniSort PR,UniSort Blackor STEINERTKSS).
If the layer of material on the belts is too thick owing to a high throughput volume, x-ray transmission detection can be used. Materials such as technical plastics, stone, glass and metals, that have a measurably higher atomic density than the wood, can be accurately sorted off by the STEINERTXSS T. Under certain mechanical conditions, oversorting of wood chips can occur, and physical limits are also reached in distinguishing between wood and non-wood objects. Typically, however, by combining the various technologies it is possible to separate up to 95% of the contaminants contained.
Use of long-life x-ray technology for contaminants such as glass, metal and stone
Sorting widths from 0.5 m to 2.8 m available
Separate Fe and non-Fe metals using magnet and eddy-current technology
Separate plastics and contaminants; sort using near-infrared technology